October 2018 From the Editor Birding your way By Matt Mendenhall This issue of BirdWatching features four stories about the various ways birders bird. Features A year in one place By Shane Sater Along a degraded stream near Helena, Montana, a birder’s close observations through the seasons found a hemisphere of birds in motion. A journey to 700 By Steve Hampton How one birder built his North American life list — and learned to savor each new life bird along the way. Consumed by counting By Jesse Greenspan A half-century ago, no one had seen even 4,000 bird species. Now, some birders are homing in on the 10,000-species mark. Fall and winter festivals By Matt Mendenhall Our guide to birding festivals lists 70 events on tap from now through March where you can find cranes, hawks, and many more birds. Columns Since You Asked Answers to your questions By Julie Craves Wasps in a bluebird nest, empty nectar feeders, and unusual prey that bluebirds feed their chicks. Birder at Large My patch By Pete Dunne Where Pete goes to bird when time is short. Attracting Birds Tips for attracting warblers By Laura Erickson Natural food and water are key to luring the colorful migrants. Amazing Birds Elegance amid extremes By Eldon Greij Flamingos' feeding behaviors allow them to thrive in harsh environments. ID Tips Orange-crowned Warbler By Kenn Kaufman How to tell Orange-crowned from Tennessee Warbler. ID Tips Why birds pump their tails By David Sibley The behavior is a signal to predators to move along. Hotspots Near You 279. Pawnee National Grassland, Weld County, Colorado One of the primary breeding grounds in the world for Mountain Plover, plus a great spot to see Thick-billed Longspur, Lark Bunting, and Golden Eagle. By Angela Dwyer Published: 8/23/2018 280. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, Lawton, Oklahoma This refuge southwest of Oklahoma City has one of the largest breeding populations of Black-capped Vireo, and it provides habitat for Chuck-will’s-widow, meadowlarks, bluebirds, wrens, and many other species. By Brittany Woiderski Published: 8/23/2018 281. South Padre Island Birding & Nature Center, South Padre Island, Texas No fewer than 330 species have been seen at this South Texas coastal hotspot. Look for skimmers, terns, spoonbills, rails, and many more birds. By Javier Gonzalez Published: 8/23/2018 282. Ojibway Park, Windsor, Ontario A group of five properties south of downtown Windsor featuring wetlands, savannas, prairies, oak woodlands. More than 240 bird species have been tallied here. By Jenn Smith Nelson Published: 8/23/2018 Also in Every Issue Birding Briefs Important news about birds, birdwatching, and conservation. Your View Photos submitted by readers.