Become a member and get exclusive access to articles, contests and more!
Start Your Free Trial

This is the 1st of your 3 free articles.

Become a member for unlimited website access and more.

FREE TRIAL Available!

Learn More

Already a member? Sign in to continue reading

Study: Fireworks have long-time impact on wildlife

Brandt’s Cormorant, fireworks
Fireworks have been implicated in the decline of Brandt’s Cormorant colonies. Photo by Michael J. Magee/Shutterstock

Popular fireworks should be replaced with cleaner drone and laser light shows to avoid the “highly damaging” impact on wildlife, domestic pets, and the broader environment, a new study suggests.

The new research, published in Pacific Conservation Biology, examined the environmental toll of firework displays by reviewing the ecological effects of Diwali festivities in India, Fourth of July celebrations across the United States, and other events in New Zealand and parts of Europe.

Examples included fireworks in Spanish festivals impacting the breeding success of House Sparrows, July firework displays being implicated in the decline of Brandt’s Cormorant colonies in California, and South American sea lions changing their behavior during breeding season as a result of New Year’s fireworks in Chile.

Lead author Associate Professor Bill Bateman, from Australia’s Curtin University, said fireworks remained globally popular despite the overwhelming evidence that they negatively impacted wildlife, domestic animals, and the environment.

“Fireworks create short-term noise and light disturbances that cause distress in domestic animals that may be managed before or after a firework event, but the impacts to wildlife can be on a much larger scale,” he said.

“The annual timing of some large-scale firework events coincides with the migratory or reproductive movements of wildlife and may therefore have adverse long-term population effects on them. Fireworks also produce significant pulses of highly pollutant materials that also contribute significantly to the chemical pollution of soil, water, and air, which has implications for human as well as animal health.”


Bateman said firework bans at sensitive periods for wildlife migration or mating periods could limit the impact, as well as drone or other light-based shows.

“Other than horses, for which there is some evidence that they can be gradually familiarized with flashes of light, there is very little that can be done to address the disturbing impact of noise from fireworks on animals and wildlife,” Bateman added.

“The future of firework displays may be in the use of safer and greener alternatives such as drones, eco-friendly fireworks, or visible-wavelength lasers for light shows.

“There is growing evidence that these community events can be managed in a sustainable way, and it’s clear that outdated firework displays need to be replaced by cleaner options that are not harmful to wildlife and the environment.”


The full paper, “Not just a flash in the pan: short and long term impacts of fireworks on the environment,” is available online here. Thanks to Curtin University for providing this news.

Fireworks scare Black Skimmers off colony in Florida

Elegant Tern chicks rescued in California after likely fireworks scare


Read our newsletter!

Sign up for our free e-newsletter to receive news, photos of birds, attracting and ID tips, and more delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up for Free