Jug Bay, one of the largest tidal freshwater wetlands on the east coast, always has stuck with us. It’s close enough to Washington that VIP planes from Andrews Air Force Base fly high overhead, but it’s tucked away enough to seem remote.
We come for the expected birds: wheeling Ospreys, floating Northern Harriers, trailside Prothonotarys, ducks in winter. We come for the special birds: Glossy Ibis unusually far inland, migrating Sora in fall. And we come for the surprises: rare gulls, a Barn Owl on a winter morning. Jug Bay is a sanctuary, not a park. Its prime focus is research and environmental education. We like that, too. Visiting hours are limited, but it’s well worth fitting it into your Chesapeake Bay-area birding plans. You never know what you’ll find, and you won’t be disappointed. — Warren and Lisa Strobel
At a Glance
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Tidal freshwater wetlands, marshes, riparian areas, forests, meadows, and fields.
Mostly flat, with 15 miles of trails, including wooded paths, observation decks, and blinds. Some trails include well-built wooden steps and bridges over creeks. Also accessible by kayak. Canoe excursions available. Birding by car on access road only.
More than 280 species recorded. Raptors, rails (notably Sora), waterfowl, shorebirds, migrant and breeding warblers, and other songbirds. Spring: Yellow-throated and Prairie Warblers, Louisiana Waterthrush, Swamp Sparrow, Wood Thrush, and many other migrants. Fall: Shorebirds and terns. Winter: Northern Pintail, Green-winged Teal, American Black Duck. Regional rarities: Glossy Ibis, Glaucous Gull, Red Crossbill. For the patient, Barn Owl and Red-headed Woodpecker are possible.
When to go
Year-round. Best in spring, fall, and winter.
Wetlands Center, the sanctuary headquarters, has environmental exhibits, trail maps, species lists, and restrooms. Sanctuary is an active research site; its mission includes environmental education and habitat protection. Gas stations and convenience stores at Waysons Corner, 2.1 miles away on Rt. 4.
County sanctuary. Open Wednesdays and Saturdays 9-5. Entrance fees: $5 for adults, $3 for children under 18 and senior citizens.
Bird the popular Railroad Bed Trail and associated boardwalks. Also don’t miss the nearby Glendening Nature Preserve, the sanctuary’s newest tract.
Jug Bay Natural Area
Just downriver along the Patuxent but an 11-mile drive from the wetlands sanctuary. Eight miles of trails. Migrating warblers, including Kentucky. Sora and other rails.
Merkle Wildlife Sanctuary
7.5-mile drive south of Jug Bay Natural Area on the Patuxent. 1,600 acres of marshlands, ponds, woods, and fields. More than 200 species.
For more info
Jug Bay Wetlands Sanctuary, (410) 741-9330.