Their nesting site here on the Pipeline Rapids is one of the only urban rookeries in the country. The first herons showed up in 2003. The rookery started with one nest, then grew to four, and now numbers 40 or more.
The herons have the best feeding place on the 348-mile-long river. Shad and river herring arrive in spring to spawn, schooling at the beginning of the rapids. The site provides good pickings, and a great place for a rookery. The birds can almost fall out of their nests and go fishing.
Many birders and other outdoors enthusiasts make the unusual trek to see them, taking a catwalk atop a water pipe to the best viewing spot. It’s only a few blocks through downtown Richmond to the Virginia Capitol. But to stand here and watch the beauty of a river teeming with life, it feels like another world.
At a Glance
Click on the coordinates below to view location:
River, rocky and sandy shorelines.
Mostly flat. Not wheelchair-accessible.
Great Blue Herons: courting, building nests (late February through mid-March), feeding young (mid-April through mid-May), and fishing (most obvious during peak of herring and shad migration in mid-April, also in mid-May, when young herons form temporary feeding groups). Other birds: Osprey, Peregrine Falcon, Bald Eagle, Turkey and Black Vultures, Laughing, Herring, and Ring-billed Gulls, Double-crested Cormorant, Great Egret, Yellow, Yellow-rumped, and Prothonotary Warblers, Northern Waterthrush, Common Yellowthroat, Northern Cardinal, Red-winged Blackbird, Barn and Tree Swallows, Chimney Swift, Downy Woodpecker, Mourning Dove, Carolina Chickadee.
When to go
Late February through mid-May.
Saturday morning guided tours offered by James River Park in coordination with Richmond Audubon Society.
City park. Open daylight hours. To view rookery, walk the dirt path that parallels the floodwall for the equivalent of one block to wooden steps and descend a short metal ladder that leads down to a catwalk. It is located beneath train tracks and sits atop a large pipe. Follow catwalk about 100 yards to a sandy island that’s level with the pipe. Slip under the railing and walk to the water’s edge. The treetop nests are straight ahead across a 200-foot-wide channel of the river.
Bring a spotting scope. Wear a light jacket because it’s breezier and cooler along the river’s edge than up near the parking lot.
For more info
James River Park
Great Blue Heron Rookery Project
Seven blocks west of Pipeline Rapids at Tredegar St. and S. 5th St. Access is by pedestrian footbridge. Gulls, warblers, Osprey, hawks, towhees, kingfishers, sparrows.
About six miles west of Pipeline Rapids at the end of Landria Dr. Ducks, hawks, gulls, kingfishers, woodpeckers, warblers.