Getting started

Coping with grackles

Seven ways to deal with ­Common Grackles at your feeders, plus a few reasons why you might not want to.
By Lillian and Don Stokes | Published: 6/20/2008

Common Grackle feeding in the fishing pond at the Forestry Farm in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, by mayhaga.

Common Grackle feeding in the fishing pond at the Forestry Farm in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, by mayhaga.

Common Grackles are big, they travel in big flocks, they have big appetites, and they can monopolize your birdfeeders. No wonder so many birdwatchers think of them as big bullies.

The birds occur over a large part of the eastern three-quarters of the United States and much of Canada. In general, they leave the northern and western part of their range in winter, but some may remain far north.

They are most apt to descend on feeders during their spring and fall migrations (March-April and September-October) or in areas where they regularly spend the winter.

If they show up in your yard, there’s no need to hyperventilate. The first line of defense is a good offense. Be prepared with the right feeders, the right food, and a game plan. Here are seven tips for dealing with grackles.

1. Don’t use tray feeders or feeders with platforms that allow grackles to land.

Use feeders that keep the birds from getting to the seed instead. (Since many of these feeders are also squirrel-proof, you’ll get two-for-one deterrent.)

Tube feeders surrounded by cages do the trick. They let small birds enter but not the larger grackles. Another good choice is a feeder with an adjustable, weight-activated perch. It will close when a heavy bird, like a grackle, lands on it. Check the label information to make sure the weight-activation mechanism can be fine-tuned to exclude grackles and not just squirrels.

The good news about tube feeders and weight-activated feeders is that they don’t repel chickadees, titmice, nuthatches, finches, cardinals, and other “desirable” birds. It is best to get such feeders up ahead of time, if possible, so the smaller birds can become accustomed to them before the big boys show up.

2. Make your feeders unappealing by shortening or removing perches.

Many tube feeders have removable perches. A good number have perches you can shorten by cutting. Other models have metal rods that pass through the feeder under the feeding holes. We’ve discovered that if you tap the metal perches gently with a hammer, you may be able to remove them. You can then either leave them off or replace them with shorter dowels.

Chickadees and other small birds are acrobats. Clinging to a perchless portal is a standard part of their repertoire. Grackles don’t have the same abilities. They generally need larger landing places to get the seed.

Some feeders consist of a cylindrical plastic container covered by a dome that can be stepped up or down. Try lowering the dome to exclude larger birds, like grackles. You may need to experiment to see which height keeps out the larger birds but still lets the smaller chickadees and finches feed at will.

3. Use dedicated finch feeders that dispense thistle (nyjer) seed.

Designed to feed small birds with pointed bills, finch feeders have thin feeding ports that are too small for grackles and other birds with large bills. They have trouble extracting the seed.

Common Grackles, adult (left) and juvenile, by mayhaga.

Common Grackles, adult (left) and juvenile, by mayhaga.

4. Reduce the amount of seed that birds throw out by offering black-oil sunflower or hulled sunflower seed.

Seeds on the ground are an open invitation to grackles. Chickadees, tit­mice, nuthatches, and finches prefer sun­flower over mixes containing cracked corn and milo; they consume sunflower more wholly; and they don’t flick as much onto the ground. Of course, it is always good to keep the ground under your feeders raked clean of old seed as well.

5. Give safflower a try.

Grackles eat many kinds of seed, but safflower is said to be on their less-preferred list, so you might give it a try, especially since chickadees, titmice, cardinals, and other birds do like it. Of course, we’ve learned you should never say never when it comes to grackles – your birds may eat safflower!

6. Protect your suet.

Grackles can devour a suet cake quicker than a hummingbird can beat its wings. Protect yours in a holder surrounded with a cage, or use a feeder that hides the suet under a roof. The cake will be accessible only to birds that can hold on upside-down – chickadees, nut­hatches, and woodpeckers, but generally not grackles.

7. When all else fails, adjust your attitude.

After all, Common Grackles are native to North America, their plumage is iridescent and, as you can see at left, often beautiful, and they’re actually pretty interesting. For starters, they have dramatic communicative displays. Also, remember that they eat a wide variety of foods. About 30 percent of their diet is insects, including grubs that are troublesome for your lawn, and beetles and caterpillars that destroy your plants.

And if that doesn’t make you feel better, take comfort in the fact that time is on your side: If your yard is a grackle-migration stopover, just wait. The big bullies will be gone in a few weeks.

Lillian and Don Stokes are the authors of 30 books on nature and birdwatching subjects and the creators of the Stokes Birding Blog.

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  • Erica

    I actually enjoy Grackles. they have a place at my home all summer long. A relatively small group of about 6 this year. smaller then last years. I do not mind them. I find them to be very interesting

  • nononsense

    You might feel differently if you had 50 grackles. If I allow a few I get a flock and then nothing else will come to the feeders.

    • Katrina Brouse

      AGREE. We have them bad this year and it makes me so angry when I see them just surrounding all of our feeders and no other birds dare to come near and by the end of the day the feeder they can perch on is completely empty!!! I hate to take the feeder away from the other birds (the cardinals only use the landing feeder) but I think I’m going to just leave it down and put safflower on the ground for the cardinals and HOPE the grackles don’t eat that too!

    • Travis Thacker

      They are very smart birds almost as much so as the Crow or Raven. I have learned that when a pair of them sees me killing the English Starlings off whole sale by the dozens, then the Grackles seem to be nicer to my property by not nesting or holding over in my roof spaces. They even sit and watch me pick of the Starlings and do there little Death Dance around the dead or Injured Starling. It’s really weird to watch these bird funerals or mocking gestures they do to the dying or already dead Starling. Almost as if they are mocking it or emulating it’s Death throws?
      Watched a pair once fly upon a Starling I had shot and they both pecked it to death after I had wounded it. They would not let me get in close enough for another shot………they even attacked me a bit till I let them have their way.

  • Timothy D Neff

    our house guest brought in two little grackles. now the pair are about 8 inches long. in a cage. i’ve developed a cough since they arrived. is it ok to raise grackle type birds in the house? Tim

    • Cherie

      If you live in the United States or Canada, it is illegal to keep grackles as pets since they are a native species.

    • Nicole Boar

      NEVER! It is against the law to raise or keep any wild bird without a special permit. Not to mention that since they are a migrating bird, they will kill themselves (if they have not died already) trying to get out of their “prison”. This is not being kind to birds!

    • Nicole Boar

      Definitely not! It is illegal to keep wild animals of any kind without a permit. Please do not be cruel. They will soon die in a cage. They are migratory and will kill themselves trying to get out. Get yourself parakeet instead.

  • horrido

    I’ve got two large tube feeders and one small one. The grakels and blackbirds will clean them out in two days (I use sunflower seeds). I’m currently spending more on bird seed than I am on dog food, and I have a 100lb dog. Something’s got to give. I’m going to try shortening the perches. If that doesn’t work, I’ll remove them.

    • AverageJoe

      Attracting birds of prey will make the environment very unfriendly to Grackles.

  • linda

    the dam grackles are kiling my sparrows

  • John Adams

    The closing advice to learn to love grackles is very infuriating. Not only do they monopolize the feed and drive away other birds, they sometimes attack and kill those birds! I’ve seen it happen. A grackle can kill a smaller bird in the blink of an eye. Even if you are standing 10 feet away you won’t be quick enough to stop it.

  • Judy Chandlee

    I have huge flocks of grackles once a year in the fall. The rest of time there are a few that just hang out here. They don’t seem to detour any other birds from the feeders. So far I’ve counted around 32 species in my yard, with the dominance of Robins, Finches, Sparrows, Swallows and Blue Jays.

  • Lisa

    Grackles are fine, if you have 1. More than that; they breed, and then they kill baby house sparrows by poking through the eye socket to eat the brains and occasionally they eat the stomach. It is disgusting! I have tried to save a few babies over the years when I caught a Grackle in the act of killing and only 1 has survived. It is the most horrifying and heartbreaking experience to see the fear and suffering that these little birds suffer. Do what you can to keep Grackles away! I started with only a handful and now I have so many it’s become embarrassing. They completely take over in the spring and don’t leave until the fall. I will never stop feeding the birds but these nasty Grackles need to go!

    • Elle W.

      Unfortunately, sparrows destroy other birds eggs and kill the young of other species as well. Sometimes even building their own nest on the top of their victims, Sad! Especially knowing sparrows produce more clutches a year than others. They will do this even if they have their own undesturbed nest of young or eggs.

    • Nancy Nolan

      It’s not like this is exclusive to Grackles as many birds do the same.

    • If your grackles are killing and eating house sparrows, you should honestly cheer. Grackles are a native bird – house sparrows are NOT. Those house sparrows may look innocent, but they are truly horrible and destructive. Male house sparrows trap tree swallows and bluebirds in their nest box or tree cavity, and kill them – not for food, but to steal their nest box, or just to steal a potential nest box. A grackle can’t do that, because grackles are too large to fit through the entrance. Fledgling birds are prey for many larger birds – crows, blue jays, etc – this is nature; it’s the way things are supposed to be. But it lightens my heart a bit to hear that grackles are fighting back against those invasive house sparrows.

      If you have house sparrows nesting on your property, wild bird conservation organizations pretty much unanimously recommend that you destroy their nests, and if you can, capture and euthanize the male. (You can do this by placing a bag over the entrance hole at night, then spooking the bird out of the house. Male sparrows stay in the nest at night). Sound harsh? Remember, this advice comes from groups like The Audubon Society. That’s how bad house sparrows really are! Do NOT allow house sparrows to breed in your bird houses or on your property. If you can’t bring yourself to kill the adult birds, then check their nests frequently and destroy their eggs before they hatch.

      This is no joke – a pair of house sparrows can produce a flock of 25 birds in a season of breeding, and both male and female house sparrows will destroy the eggs of other cavity-dwelling birds, and kill their hatchlings right in the nest – whenever they can. So if you like bluebirds, swallows, chickadees, titmice, etc, – let your grackles have their meal of baby house sparrow. And help them at it. 😛

  • AverageJoe

    This is our experience with Grackles. One showed up, a couple of days later there were two of them at the bird feeders, and about two days later we were being dive bombed by about 8 of them when we stepped out on the front porch one morning. We happened to look up and a tall tree in the yard next to us was full of them! It seems as if they brought at least 100 of their closest friends. We had to take the feeders down it was pretty bad and the reading we did, we didn’t want to let them get established and build nests. It’s too bad, because we probably would have tolerated them, to a certain extent, had they not dive bombed us. They’re intimidating; we had visions of Alfred Hitchcock’s movie “The Bird” each time we thought about going outside. Anyway, we couldn’t afford the expensive sound machines, but found out that if one makes a positive environment for birds of prey that Grackles will move on. That is exactly what happened; when the birds of prey showed up the Grackles high tailed it out of here.

    • Nicole Boar

      Interesting! I have 200 to 300 grackles come visit me this summer and as soon as I show my face or step outside, they fly off. I find them to be very wary of humans..not bold at all, and certainly do not attack humans.

  • Larry Pierce

    I was at Walmart today and I really feel sorry for the Grackles. To me they’re pretty smart at foraging and also begging. I put out three or four pieces of pizza bread and about fifty others showed up for their take. I was bombarded. One tried to fly in my truck window to get at the bread. I felt like I was in an Alfred Hitchcock remade. heh, heh. I still love them though. It was so cold for them out there. You could tell their feet were cold. They’d raise one then the other. They’d bury their face in their feathers to keep warm. Next time I’ll buy some seed for them. Walmart might get mad though. They tried to rob my groceries, so I left.

  • Sharan Dombroski

    I have a large number of Grackles, but also have hawks who attack them leaving quite the mess. Help!!!

    • Nicole Boar

      You are seeing nature in action. The hawks need to eat also, and the grackles need to be kept in control or their populations will get out of control (like what we are seeing with human populations). Just know that something should come along and eat the dead grackles soon, if you have a healthy area.

  • Stephen “Steve” Sponsler
  • the dam grackles are kiling my sparrows!

  • I have a squirrel proof suet pole with three feeders mounted upside down on platforms with a metal slanted roof. They can’t land on the roof, but they sure as hell light on the suet feeder just like a woodpecker. They can’t hang on long, but certainly enough time to get a beak full, so they still swarm like fruit flies in mating season. I’ll research adding cages.

  • pdrapala

    I have a garden. They don’t eat much. But they do eat the insects, etc. They keep the garden of veggie clear of bothersome pests. Yet, they just don’t like me cutting flowers, hand watering the yard, or checking for fallen debris on the ground. The big puffy grackle runs the show and has tried several times to dive on me. I do wear a hat though. I love birds, all kinds, but they look at me as a threat. How do I make them my friend?

    Here’s a poem I wrote about those birdies.

    Five Adult Grackles
    Pamela Carvajal Drapala
    June 7, 2017

    Five adult grackles sitting on top of a Cyprus Tree
    Talking and squawking directly at me.
    Asking, “Mrs., why are you in our spot
    A yard that grows blackberries, grapes, and apricots?”
    Mrs., “I’m watching out for predators so that you are safe.
    So, stop complaining, birdies, that I’m in your space!!!

  • Linda Schrader

    I purchased two caged feeders that each hold 2 suet cakes. Before I knew it, the grackles were hanging onto the side and sticking their long necks in and devouring the suet! They can clear a feeder in a couple of hours.

    • Nicole Boar

      grackles will eat suet. just put more out. So what if it costs you a bit more money during their limited visit. I am assuming you like birds? Not just SOME birds?

  • Patricia Kandel

    Or if they are killing other birds – I watched one attack and kill a sparrow or female cardinal yesterday -other birds tried to help it escape but the crackle didn’t stop. It eventually killed the other bird. It was awful to watch. Ugh. mer

    • Nicole Boar

      are you sure you are talking about a grackle, instead of a hawk? I have never seen a grackle attack another bird for no reason. I think a rumor got started about them and people are imagining or just jumping in with more stories.

  • Ann Hudson

    Get a Bully Bird Bouncer(tm) , humanely bounce grackles off your feeder with a remote control, from your living room chair! Watch Bully Bird Bouncer on YouTube, or email [email protected]

    • Dorothy

      Tell me it works, but I don’t think so. I will check this out. I have gotten to the point that I hate these nasty birds. I put out cold, clean water about four times a day during the hot days. The birds love to bath and drink, they wait for me, then the flock of grackles come and bath and poop and spoil the whole thing. I spent the summer making my bird sanctuary and it is a failure.

      • Nicole Boar

        I have a bird sanctuary also and had about 200-300 grackles come. No problem. I put out more food (knowing they would leave come fall), and changed my waterier if it got dirty. I did not see any poop in my waterier.
        They are not nasty birds. They are God’s creations and are entertaining to watch.

  • Robert Stephens

    I live near Daytona Beach Florida. I was a lifeguard in 1972 and 1973. While on the beach almost every day, I do not remember grackles on the beach, ever. Not only are there grackles on the beach but they are emulating the Sand Pipers by sticking their beaks in the sand eating the tiny mollusks just like the Sand Pipers. Last summer we were laying on the beach and another couple came and set up their chairs and a bag with what I assumed was their lunch and then they left for about 10 minutes. A male grackle came to investigate and pulled a bag of cookies from their stuff and starting pecking at it. Then another male came and helped. One flew off with a cookie while the other stood guard. Then the other came back and the guard flew off with a cookie. Finally the other couple came back and were upset that “someone” had gotten into their cookies, looking at me and my wife. It just so happened that I took a video of the culprits. It’s nice to have an iPhone camera. Last week a mother and her child left a cooler and a bag with food while they went into the surf. Two male grackles flew to the bag and one got inside and while the other stood guard. Smart little critters.

  • Nicole Boar

    I live in Vermont and never had Grackles before. For some reason about 300 showed up (I do feed the birds here) and completely took over my yard. The bluejays, goldfinch, woodpeckers, etc hate them. there were about a dozen red wing blackbirds traveling with the grackles but have since left. I have been swarmed all summer and I hope they leave in fall. I have a songbird feeder they can somehow empty and two basket hangers they empty and on the ground I put Friskies dry cat food and black sunflower mixed which the jays and wild turkey love. They eat all of that. The only birds they make room for is the turkeys…maybe its their size. I think they must have lost their environment, and thus food supply. I noticed a lack of any insects here this year, even before they arrived. Since I feed any wildlife I will not stop feeding grackles, but I do hope they don’t chase all my other birds away.

    • Nicole Boar

      UPDATE: It is September and the grackles have left. I do not know where they came from or where they went too. They did NOT kill any other birds during the summer while they were here. They merely wanted the food which I gave them plenty of since they were skinny and emaciated when they arrived, and left fat and sassy. I love all birds. Not just the brightly colored ones and will feed all. I guess that is the difference between a true nature and bird lover, and someone who merely wants to attract “gems”, for their entertainment. I look forward to them next summer. The other birds are all here and were not chased away. They merely waited around until the grackles left and I put more food out for them. The grackles would come about 2 times a day so I just had to replenish the supply when they left for the few hours.

      • DREW

        not greetings Nicole, and I know where they are… In South Florida. I am in Lantana and feed them and they throw the food all over the ground like they have no table manners. I do not mind as long as they do not eat me out of house and home. They have not chased away the blue Jay or the cardinal.I kind of hope they will stick around.

        • Nicole Boar

          Hi Drew…thanks for letting me know where they go. I fully expect them to return in fall like they did last year, now that they know they have found a “feeding station” here in White River Junction, Vermont. I am saving my money for the extreme amounts of bird food I will need then. As with all wild animals, I welcome them.

  • Margie Cameron

    I love my birds but not the huge flock of Grackles that have been here all spring and summer. They do eat safflower seeds and can eat a very large tube of it in hours. There is NO winning with Grackles. They have no good qualities that I can see. Robins keep the bugs out. I don’t need the Grackles. I agree with the person below about 50 Grackles. There needs to be a limit on them in the US.

  • Corey

    The only way to keep grackles away from your feeder (like any other pest) is to deny them access. They’ll devour all your seeds & empty out you’re feeders the second you turn your back on them. Yes, they have even ate the safflower seed. Buying a squirrel proof feeder as mentioned above, as they empty out & knock down feeders & keep birds away, that also prevents larger birds from feeding is an option. Keep in mind that most of them wont allow larger birds such as blue jays & cardinals to feed either. Other then that you would need to stand guard over the feeder after chasing the grackles away & allow the smaller song birds, blue jays, & so on to feed as you keep grackles at bay. You can try taking down the feeder for a week or also in hopes the grackles well move on to bother someone else. Luckily here in Mass they migrate for the winter so I am grackle now in December. Late fall I would arrive home from work to see anywhere from 50-100 grackles at my feeder & waiting their turn to raid it the surrounding trees.

  • Jim le

    I have watched grackles for years, flock and stay from March to August, here in Ohio, and have never seen one attack or act aggressively toward another bird. I throw out a can of peanuts/ shelled nuts a day for them, and they never once drove away other birds. This notion of them attacking other birds is complete garbage. They frequently drive off the coopers hawk, since their colony is in the neighbors pine tree. If anything, they provide a safe space for other birds for most of the summer. My desk is directly in front of the window, so I view for hours a day. Are there bird trolls on this site?? Birds were on the earth long before us, so respect nature. Stop wanting to kill everything, because they upset the balance as you think it should be.

    • Heather Campbell

      Jim le, I have to object; it is NOT garbage! Last May I was watching a robin’s nest from my kitchen window, in a small spruce tree. I could tell when the babies hatched as the nest top was in my line of sight, could see their wobbly little heads as the parents fed them. Three days after they’d hatched, there was a big commotion and as I watched horrified, a flock of grackles, maybe eight or ten, attacked the nest and carried off all four fat little babies, screaming and fighting over them and tearing them to pieces… The distraught parents could do nothing against these birds. They disappeared the next day and we had no robins for the rest of the season.
      Since that day, I’ve never felt the same towards grackles.

  • Sue Cox

    I’m new to feeding the birds in my yard and the grackles are cheerfully eating pretty much everything. I realize they’re not a favorite with a lot of people, but they’re really quite attractive and they LOVE the bird bath, splashing around in there constantly, which is fun to watch. I’m planning to try a few different kinds of seed to see if I can encourage smaller birds, including nyjer and safflower. Wish me luck!

  • Perseus
  • Pat

    Grackles DO attack smaller birds. I have had to dispose of 12 sparrows and 1 female wren already this summer and it’s only June! I sat and watched one just 20 minutes ago, attacking and kill a sparrow. I hollered out and it flew off with it. They attack their necks, eat their eyes, brains, and sometimes their stomachs out. It’s horrible. I get this all summer long here in W. Michigan. So I completely disagree with those saying they do not attack.